Joint inflammation


 

Introduction

Joints are surrounded and cushioned by soft tissues. Swelling occurs when fluid gathers in these tissues. Pain, stiffness, or both may accompany joint swelling. You may also notice that the affected joint appears bigger than normal or irregularly shaped.

Causes

One of the most frequent causes of joint swelling is arthritis. Some of the most common types of arthritis include:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

Joint swelling can also result from other chronic conditions, illnesses, or acute injuries such as:

  • tendinitis, inflammation of a tendon
  • or 
  • injuries, such as bone fractures, dislocations, torn ligaments, and torn tendons

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of inflammtion:

  • occurred after a serious injury or causes your joint to look disfigured
  • has no apparent cause
  • is accompanied by severe pain
  • is accompanied by a fever
  • doesn’t subside or becomes more severe
  • interferes with your daily life

Treatment

Your doctor may also encourage you to avoid moving or putting weight on the injured joint for a period of time.

Apply compression to the joint using an elastic bandage or wrap. Elevate the joint when you’re resting, preferably to a point higher than your heart. 

Recommend medications, physical therapy, or other treatments to help relieve your symptoms and maintain the health of your joint.

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