The Centers for Disease Control report that about 80-percent of diabetic foot infections occur below the ankle. These diabetic ulcers are often found on the ball of the foot, where diabetic patients have lost feeling due to neuropathy.
Diabetic skin ulcers are extremely dangerous because they can lead to gangrene, which in turn can cause amputation or death. Diabetes is a risk factor for diabetic skin ulcers because it reduces blood flow and damages nerve endings.
Skin ulcers are sometimes referred to as diabetic foot or diabetic sock syndrome. If you have diabetes, it is important to carefully inspect the feet every day. If you observe any signs of an open sore, contact your doctor immediately.
Diagnosis for diabetic foot ulcers includes a variety of tests including blood sugar level tests, diabetic neuropathy tests, and diabetic foot exams to determine the severity of the diabetic skin ulcer.
The most common treatments for diabetic skin ulcers include injection therapy, antibiotics, debridement therapy (removal of dead tissue), hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT), negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) and revascularization.